Importance of identifying information needs from policy
A policy is ‘a course of action, guiding principle, or procedure considered expedient, prudent, or advantageous’ (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/policy).
With regard to sustainable mineral resource exploration and exploitation, a variety of stakeholders at different governance levels (from local to global level) can be identified. Each of these have different policies or agendas related to mining activities that potentially could be supported by Earth Observation services.
Policies and strategies at the corporate, authority and civil society levels will be reviewed:
- Corporate policies, for the purpose of this study, are the main industry codes and the corporate social responsibilities expressed in the reports produced by the industry partners of the project.
- Public authority policies are the policies that are set at international, national, regional and local levels by governments, specific to each test site. Example policies include EU policies such as EU Sustainable Development Strategy, EU Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and and EU Raw Materials Initiative.
- Civil society policies are those agendas set by stakeholders in the mining industry that are part of the general public, such as mine workers, residents close to the mines, non-governmental local groups such as local environmental organisations and civil society organisations that address mining footprints primarily from a social and environmental perspective, such as Mines and Communities (MAC).